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France had colonial possessions, in different forms, because the beginning in the seventeenth century, but during the nineteenth and twentieth hundreds of years, its world-wide abroad colonial empire extended considerably and became the second largest on the globe driving the British Empire. Together with metropolitan France, the total space of land below French sovereignty Practically reached 13 million sq. kilometres within the twenties and 1930s, eight.

His plays are so well-known throughout the world that French language is sometimes dubbed as "the language of Molière" (la langue de Molière),[321] the same as English is regarded as "the language of Shakespeare".

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 French Polynesia Designated as an overseas land (pays d'outre-mer or POM), the status is similar to an overseas collectivity. Papeete

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Generations of French pupils experienced to know his fables, which were observed as assisting training wisdom and customary sense towards the youngsters. Some of his verses have entered the popular language to be proverbs, for instance "À l'œuvre, on connaît l'artisan."[A workman is known by his chips].[318]

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Postwar French international policy has long been mostly formed by membership of the ecu Union, of which it absolutely was a founding member. Because the 1960s, France has formulated shut ties with reunified Germany to become one of the most influential driving pressure on the EU.

^ a b (in French) Damien Rousselière Cinéma et diversité culturelle: le cinéma indépendant facial area à la mondialisation des industries culturelles.

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France will not recognise religious regulation for a enthusiasm for that enactment of prohibitions. France has lengthy had neither blasphemy laws nor sodomy laws (the latter currently being abolished in 1791). On the other hand, "offences against general public decency" (contraires aux bonnes mœurs) or disturbing community purchase (trouble à l'ordre public) are accustomed to repress community expressions of homosexuality or street prostitution.

The locations, departments and communes are all referred to visit as territorial collectivities, meaning they have regional assemblies and an government. Arrondissements and cantons are merely administrative divisions.

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(Be aware: There are actually major distinctions between the metropolitan populace figures just cited and those in the subsequent table, which only include the Main inhabitants). Rural flight was a perennial political issue during almost all of the 20th century.

The cash and definitely An important city of France is Paris, among the list of world’s preeminent cultural and commercial centres. A majestic city often called the ville lumière

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Considering that 1905 the French Govt has adopted the principle of laïcité, wherein it is prohibited from recognising any distinct ideal to your religious community (except for legacy statutes like those of armed service chaplains along with the community law in Alsace-Moselle). It recognises religious organisations according to official authorized conditions that do not handle religious doctrine.

France utilizes a civil lawful process;[88] that may be, regulation occurs generally from composed statutes; judges are certainly not to produce law, but simply to interpret it (although the level of judicial interpretation in specific places can make it equivalent to circumstance law). Primary rules with the rule of law were laid in the Napoleonic Code (which was, consequently, mainly based on the royal law codified below Louis XIV). In arrangement Together with the rules of the Declaration in the Legal rights of Person and on the Citizen, legislation need to only prohibit steps detrimental to society.

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French nuclear deterrence, (formerly often known as "Force de Frappe"), relies on comprehensive independence. The present French nuclear power consists of 4 Triomphant class submarines Geared up with submarine-introduced ballistic missiles. Together with the submarine fleet, it can be estimated that France has about sixty ASMP medium-array air-to-floor missiles with nuclear warheads,[156] of which close to 50 are deployed through the Air Drive using the Mirage 2000N very long-assortment nuclear strike aircraft, though around 10 are deployed with the French Navy's Super Étendard Modernisé (SEM) assault aircraft, which function from your nuclear-run plane provider Charles de Gaulle.

Wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, and pork, along with internationally recognised processed foods are the principal French agricultural exports. Rosé wines are primarily eaten inside the country, but Champagne and Bordeaux wines are significant exports, becoming recognized all over the world. EU agriculture subsidies to France have lessened in recent times but nevertheless amounted to $eight billion in 2007.

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